Women's and Children's Health - Special issue 5 (2012)


 
 

Impact Assessment Study on the Living Conditions of Women and Children, Haïti

Abstract: In response to the earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 January 2010, Solidarités International (SI) provided urgent basic services of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene in over 52 Internally Displaced Peoples (IDP) Sites, and played a vital role in preventing the spread of the cholera outbreak in October of that same year and improving medical care for people affected by the epidemic and to reduce risks of further propagation. 

Keywords: WomenEarthquakeSanitationWaterChildrenHumanitarian,Epidemics
Thematic: Societal Issues and Governance

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“Pour un Sourire d'Enfant” (PSE) [For a child’s smile] association's actions to help scavenging women and children in Phnom Penh

Abstract: Founded 15 years ago, the association “Pour un Sourire d’Enfant” (PSE) [For a Child’s Smile] is a private initiative with the primary objective of educating scavenging children in Phnom Penh to enable them to find a place in society and live in dignity. In pursuing this goal, PSE adapts its actions to meet needs as they arise and thus has considerable influence on the health of mothers and children.

Keywords: educationchildrenCambodiapovertyhealthcarewomen’s health
Thematic: Societal Issues and Governance

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Nutriset, a company at the heart of the nutritional revolution

Abstract: The fight against severe acute malnutrition – which, according to UNICEF, kills between 3.5 and 5 million children under five every year in developing countries – has been a priority for international NGOs and for various United Nations agencies for several decades now. 

Keywords: childrenNutritionmalnutritionpovertyNGOs
Thematic: Societal Issues and Governance

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Giving birth at a maternity hospital: the key strategic option to be adopted in order to combat maternal and neonatal mortality in Mali

Abstract: The end result of the past 40 years of experience in combating maternal mortality in Mali suggests that the emphasis should be changed, and that giving birth at a maternity hospital should be the basic strategic option chosen. This means creating “compounds set aside for mothers-to-be”, where women approaching the end of their pregnancy will be invited to come and await the onset of labour, and at the same time enjoy the rest they need. 

Keywords: maternal and neonatal mortalitytraditional midwivesgiving birth at a maternity hospitalaccess to carehealthcare financing
Thematic: Societal Issues and Governance

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From malnutrition to HIV: spirulina is an effective solution which continues to reveal its secrets

Abstract: Spirulina presents major advantages in the fight against chronic malnutrition based on its micronutrient composition, its health potential and the fact that it can be grown locally. International solidarity associations, such as Antenna Technologies and Entrepreneurs du Monde whose goal is to reduce extreme poverty and public health problems in developing countries, have undertakenproduction and distribution programmes of spirulina, especially in West Africa.

Keywords: malnutritionspirulinaHIV-AIDSmicrocreditTogoBurkina Fasofair and supportive trade
Thematic: Societal Issues and Governance

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Analysis of blood transfusion requirements during the gravido-puerperal period in a hospital in Ouagadougou

Abstract: This work was carried out with the aim to analyze the needs covered and not covered in blood during the gravid-postpartum period. This retrospective study covered the period from 1st January 2007 to December 31, 2009. It took into account the records of patients admitted to a direct or indirect obstetric causes, and has received an indication for transfusion.

Keywords: Transfusiongravid-puerperiumneeds
Thematic: Health and Environment

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AMREF’s Stand Up For African Mothers Campaign: Training Midwives to Reduce Maternal Mortality in Africa

Abstract: AMREF is the African Medical and Research Foundation, a uniquely African organization, created in 1957 which runs 145 health programmes a year to help around 7 million people in Africa. Headquartered in Nairobi and with offices around the world, AMREF ensures access to health care for the most vulnerable and marginalized people in Africa, with a focus on women and children. 

Keywords: Africachildrenhealth carewomenpovertysocial workmidwifes,pregnancy
Thematic: Societal Issues and Governance

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Integrated management of childhood illness within communities in Togo

Abstract: Togo is one of the poorest countries on our planet. The lack of knowledge of good hygiene practices compounded by the scarcity of resources in health facilities affects the chances of survival for children and pregnant women. Plan France and its partners developed a 42 month pilot project aimed at reducing mortality in children under five years of age and pregnant women in Togo by teaching good practice guidelines in prevention and care developed by the WHO.

Keywords: healthTogomortality in childrenchildren under five years of age,pregnant women
Thematic: Societal Issues and Governance

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Promotion of Key Family Practices in the Tanout and Magaria departments, Zinder region, Niger

Abstract: The adoption of Key Family Practices (KFP) plays a determinant role in improving the health and nutritional status of children under 5 years of age. In its community-based nutrition programme, the French Red Cross implemented a strategy of promoting KFPs in 75 villages in the Tanout and Magaria departments of Zinder region in Niger.

Keywords: malnutritionNigerKey Family Practices (KFP)community-based nutrition (CBN)home visitscooking demonstrationsbehaviour change
Thematic: Societal Issues and Governance

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Combining local resources and mobile telephony to increase resort to care and reduce child mortality in Mali

Abstract: In Mali, 1 child out of 6 does not reach the age of five. Most of these deaths could be avoided: children die mostly from untreated benign pathologies that could be easily cured locally. Though medical treatments are available in the local primary health centers, people resort too little and too late to healthcare, for cultural, financial and geographical reasons.

Keywords: healthcarepreventionproximitym-healthtechnologiesMali
Thematic: Societal Issues and Governance

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HIV Viral Load Testing in Laos

Abstract:  The number of people living with HIV/AIDS in the People’s Democratic Republic of Laos (also known as Laos PDR) is estimated at 13,600 and the number of people in need of antiretroviral therapy at 8,000. Today, around 3,200 HIV infected individuals receive treatment in seven centres throughout the country. Until recently, antiretroviral treated patients were followed-up only on the basis of clinical and immunological criteria.

Keywords: HIV/AIDSLaosviral loadantiretroviral therapy
Thematic: Societal Issues and Governance

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Obstetric fistulas in Mali, Combating maternal and child mortality

Abstract: At the end of 1993, Médecins du Monde (MdM) launched a project at the regional hospital of Mopti, in Mali, to treat obstetric fistulas. From the outset, the goal of MdM was to treat the maximum number of affected women under the best possible conditions and to train an autonomous surgical team on site.

Keywords: pregnancyMalidystocic deliveryobstetric fistuladisabilityexclusion,reconstructive surgerypsychological counsellingcommunity integrationfistula clinic
Thematic: Societal Issues and Governance

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