6 parallel sessions

► Session 1a: Trade and climate change

(Chaired by Jiahua PAN)

Climate change being a global issue and arguably a global public ‘bad’, international collaboration is fundamental to ensuring effective policy response. The Kyoto Protocol offers three mechanisms for sharing the responsibility: the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM); Joint Implementation (JI), and Emissions Trading. Under the Protocol, specific requirements to reduce greenhouse gas apply only to developed countries, although possibilities are open for similar restrictions to be applied to developing countries in the future. Some have argued that this has limited the impact of the Protocol. This session explores the controversial role of developing countries in addressing the issues raised by the Kyoto Protocol. It aims to specifically examine how climate change policies and methods might be adapted to a developing country context, including, for example, the wider promotion of CDM and greater collaboration on carbon trading. 

Jiahua PAN, Director, Urban Development and Environment Research Center, CASS

PAN Jiahua is the director of sustainable Development Research Center of Chinese Academy of Social. In October 2005, he was appointed as the deputy director of the urban development and environment research center and employed as the construction consultancy of Zhejiang province. He held a concurrent post as a vice-president of Chinese Eco Economy Institute, the member of the Advisory Panel to protect the mother river of China, the member of the National Climate Change Committee and the director of the European Climate Forum.
Pan Jiahua makes some research in environmental economics, sustainable urbanization, global change and the world economy and sustainable developing economics. He has published more than 200 papers, written four monographs and one translation. He edited three large-scale international comprehensive assessment reports and essays. Among them, a paper and a monograph got the excellent achievement of the first award and the second award of Chinese Academy of social Sciences. A series of books Pan Jiahua took part in as the editor got awards of National Scientific and Technological Progress. 

Muthukumara MANI, Senior Environmental Economist in the World Bank's Environment Department

Muthukumara MANI is a Senior Environmental Economist in the World Bank's Environment Department.
He has Ph.D. and M.A. in Environmental Economics from the University of Maryland, College Park and M.A. in Economics from Loyola College, Madras, India.
His research has focused on pollution prevention
policy, natural resources management, environmental
taxes, environmental institutions and governance, and trade and environment issues. His work has appeared in the journals such as Journal of Development Economics, Economic Development and Cultural Change, Environment and Resource Economics, Land Economics, World Economy, Public Choice, and The Journal of Environment and Development. He has also co-authored several policy research working papers for the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund.

Prior to joining this position, he was an Economist in the Fiscal Affairs Department of the International Monetary Fund, where he was responsible for analyzing environmental implications of macroeconomic policies and programs and in integrating environmental considerations broadly in the country programs. Prior to joining the International Monetary Fund, he was with the World Bank and his work as an Environmental Economist encompassed policy research, training and capacity building, and projects and program evaluation.

Fulai SHENG, Senior economist, UNEP’s Economics and Trade Branch

Sheng FULAI is a senior economist at UNEP’s Economics and Trade Branch.
His areas of expertise include integrated policymaking, international payments for ecosystem services, and integrated economic and environmental accounting. Currently, he is leading a UNEP technical team on a global green economy initiative. Sheng holds a Masters degree in economics from the Shanghai University of Finance and Economics. Over the last twenty years, he has served the Chinese Ministry of Finance, the World Bank, the World Wide Fund for Nature, and Conservation International. His major publications include: Real Value for Nature – An Overview of Global Efforts to Achieve True Measures of Economic Progress; Comparative Assessment of Development Options; Macroeconomic Policies, Poverty and the Environment (co-author); Rights, Wants and Needs: Economic Instruments and Biodiversity Conservation; and Integrated Policymaking for Sustainable Development (co-author). 

Liucai ZHU, ​Research Fellow, Center for Human and Economic Development Studies, China

Secretariat of Global Environment Facility, Foreign cooperation Center of the State Environmental Protection Administration 

Session 1b: Green cities 

(Chaired by: Suocheng DONG)

Dealing with environmental challenges and meeting the needs of a growing population have changed the way cities operate. With regulations becoming more stringent on what can go back into the ecosystem (air, soil, water), local governments are expected to manage their city in a responsible manner and to promote sustainable lifestyles. From water to waste management, cities are encouraged to reduce their impacts, avoid waste and limit pollutions. This transformation requires moving from a linear model, according to which a city is a resources consumer and a waste producer, to a more integrated and circular model, which turns waste into resources and develops alternative technologies. The change towards an eco-friendlier management calls for the cooperation of all, governments, business sector, communities, experts, etc. 

Terry MC GEE, Former Director, University of British Columbia, Canada

Professor Terry Mc Gee is a leading researcher in the field of urbanization in Asia. He has published more than 30 books, monographs and reports and 200 articles including “The Southeast Asian City” (1967), “Theatres of Accumulation: Case Studies of Urbanization in Latin America and Asia” (1985) and most recently “Urban Space in China. Development under Market Socialism” (2007). He has taught at Victoria University, Wellington New Zealand, the Universities of Malaya, Hong Kong, the Australian National University and the University of British Columbia, Vancouver New Zealand. He was Director of the Institute of Asian Research at UBC from 1978 to 2000. In the 1990s he worked on poverty alleviation in Vietnam and was awarded the President’s medal for distinguished contribution to Vietnamese social sciences. More recently he has been working with Chinese colleagues on urbanization in China. He has been a Senior Advisor on Urban Policy in Bappanas, the central planning agency of Indonesia and carried out consultancies in the field of urban development for IDRC and CIDA (Canada), ESCAP (Bangkok), UNDP and United Nations University. He has been a member of the expert panel on urbanization in developing countries (American Academy of Social Sciences) and was appointed to the International Geographic Union’s Taskforce on Mega-cities.

Hongchun ZHOU, Division Chief Research Professor, Development Research Center of the State Council, China

ZHOU Hongchun is Director at the Development Research Center of the State Council (Environmental Services industry). Dr. Zhou Hongchun is a professor and the Director of the Department of Social Development Research Center (DRC) of the State Council.
In 1992 after getting PhD, he worked in Social Department of former State science and technology Commission, engaged in management of projects of science and technology. From 1993-1997, he worked in Administrative Center of China’s Agenda 21. During this period, he participated to formulate China’s Agenda 21, Report on Country Report of Sustainable Development etc. In 1997, he was moved to DRC, engaged in researches on theories of sustainable development, industry and policy, policies for environmental protection, circular economy etc. Dr. Zhou has published numerous papers in academia, books and reports for the government, collaborated several books, completed many research subjects supported by National Social Sciences Foundation of China, National Natural Science Foundation of China, or by the State Council, National Development and Reform Commission, Ministry of Finance of PRC, Ministry of Science and Technology, DRC, Beijing Municipal Science and Technology Commission, etc., undertaken ten international cooperation projects and consultation tasks of UNEP (United Nations Environment Program), World Bank, UNDP (United Nations Development Program), WWF (World Wide Fund for Nature), Germany etc.

Manfred FISCHEDICK, Director, Wuppertal Institute for Climate, Germany

Dr.-Ing. Manfred Fischedick studied chemical technology at the University of Dortmund with emphasis on energy and environmental technologies. He earned his PhD at the University of Stuttgart. He is director of one of the four research groups of the Wuppertal Institute (“Future Energy and Mobility Structures”). In 2006 he has been appointed as Vice President of the Wuppertal Institute. Since February 2008 he is the acting scientific head of the institute. Since February 2008 he is the acting scientific head of the Wuppertal Institute. In November 2008 he was appointed as Professor Schumpeter School of Business and Economics at the University of Wuppertal.
Manfred Fischedick has more than 15 years experience in energy system analyses, he is author of different books and per reviewed articles, member of several scientific boards and has different lectures in the field of energy and environmental science (for example: University of Wuppertal and Kassel).

Suocheng DONG, Director of Regional Eco-economic Research and Planning Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences

Dong Suocheng, Ph.D, leading professor of Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research (IGSNRR), Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS). Professor Dong graduated from the Department of Geography, Northwest Normal University in 1982, and got the doctor’s degree of economic geography in 1991, in Northeast Normal University. Since 1991, he began to engage in regional economics and resources economics research in the CAS. He is now the leading scientist of the National scientific and technological basic research program, chairman of Committee of Resources and Economic Research, China Society of Natural Resources, chairman of the Committee of Regional Ecological Economics, Chinese Ecological Economics Society, member of Advisory Board of the UN-Habitat, and the editor of the Journal Ecologic Economics and Utility Policy

Shaoyao NIU, Former Vice-chairman of Yun Nan Province National People's Committee



► Session 1c: Urban environment and health

(Chaired by: Jennifer Holdaway) 

The quality of the urban environment will play and increasing role in public health as cities will potentially concentrate emerging environmental and health hazards. Therefore, the monitoring of the impacts on health of urban sources of pollution (air, water, etc) and their control are necessary. Integrating the management of health and urban pollution in cities can help prevent health-threatening environmental issues. Cities can contribute to human well being if they achieve to protect urban dwellers health and deal with challenges such as the access to sanitation, waste management, outdoor and indoor air pollution. 

Jennifer HOLDAWAY, Program Director, Social Science Research Council, USA

Jennifer Holdaway is a Program Director whose work spans several fields related to development, including migration, environment and health. She has a B.A. in Chinese Studies from Oxford University and a Ph.D. in Political Science from the Graduate School of the City University of New York. She has taught in the political science departments at Brooklyn College and at Barnard College . Holdaway is also the Council’s China Representative and is currently based in Beijing. She has written and edited a number of publications related to migration and gender, migration and education, migration and development, and environment and health. She has just completed editing a special issue of the Journal of Contemporary China on environment and health in China which will be published in early 2010. In September 2009 she will begin a new research project on the impact of skilled return migrants on policy and institution-building in the health and higher education sectors in China and India, in collaboration with Peggy Levitt.

Steven ALLENDER, Senior Researcher, Department of Public Health, University of Oxford, UK

Steve joined the British Heart Foundation Health Promotion Research Group in July 2005. Before that he was a Research Fellow at the University of Oxford Department of Public Health, where he was responsible for the Occupational Health Services in Higher Education study, a UK wide study of occupational health service provision in UK universities. He has also worked on the epidemiological study of Porton Down Veterans and taught research methods, health promotion and discourse analysis on a number of courses.

Steve works on the Coronary heart disease statistics project and is also collaborating with Deakin University.

Kam Wing CHAN, Professor, Deptartment of Geography, University of Washington

Kam Wing Chan is Professor in Geography at University of Washington. He received his PhD from the University of Toronto. He is the author of Cities with Invisible Walls: Reinterpreting Urbanization in Post-1949 China (Oxford University Press, 1994) and some 60 articles and book chapters on China¡¯s urbanization, cities, migration, urban labor market, and the hukou (household registration) system. He has also served as consultants for the United Nations, World Bank, Asian Development Bank, International Labor Organization, and McKinsey & Co. and worked with various branches of the Chinese Government on a number of policy projects related to urban development and migrant labor.  His recent research focuses on Chinese cities, migration, employment, the hukou reforms, and the spatial economy.

Minquan LIU, Professor and Director, School of Economics, Peking University

In addition to being the Director of CHEDS, Dr. Minquan Liu is also the Director of the Department of Environmental, Resource and Development Economics, which is part of the School of Economics, PKU. Over the past decade, he has worked on over 20 important research projects, focusing on problems in the Chinese countryside (especially Rural Finance and infrastructure investment) and Foreign Direct Investment.

After graduating from Oxford University with a doctoral degree in Economics, Dr. Liu spent a number of years working at academic institutions in the UK, including Cambridge University and Leicester University, where he was a Lecturer in Economics. In 1999, he returned to China to take up a post as Professor of Economics at the Hopkins-Nanjing Center, Johns Hopkins University. He started lecturing at PKU in 2005. As a result of his sustained focus on issues relating to living standards and conditions, his interest and research direction have shifted into human development-related fields, including theoretical and practical research, especially the relationships between economic development and the development of social sectors such as health, education and the environment. Through the establishment of the Center for Human and Economic Development Studies (CHEDS), Dr. Liu hopes to advance the cause of human development in China. 

Wuyi WANG, Researcher, Institute of geographic sciences and natural resources research

Since1975, Wang engaged in the study of environmental change and its impact especially to human health. He worked for two years in the Imperial College London from 1984 to 1986 and did cooperative research in the Monitoring and Assessment Research Centre (UNEP, WHO coordination centre), King’s College London as a visiting scholar in 1988 and 2000. He took the responsibility in different national scientific projects and international cooperative projects related endemic diseases in most poverty areas such as Tibet, Loess Plateau and northeast, southwest parts of China, and urban environmental health risk. He is the chair of the steering committee of the IGU Commission on Health and the Environment, chairman of the Committee of Medical Geography, the Geographical Society of China.



► Session 2a: Green Trade Policy

(Chaired by: HU Tao)

Trade issues are closely related to environmental issues. Non-sustainable trade will exacerbate environmental pollution, while a heavily polluted environment will have a negative impact on trade growth. Thus, green trade policies are essential to achieving a harmonious development of trade and the environment. Appropriate environmental protection and trade measures will need to be adopted to optimize the trade structure, adjust the total trade volume, and improve the environment. This session explores issues ranging from green trade measures (including tariff and non-tariff measures), carbon tariff, and experiences of developed countries in green trade policies, etc. 

Tao HU, Researcher, Environmental and Economics Policy Research Center, Minister of Environmental Protection

Dr. HU Tao currently is Coordinator of UN-China Climate Chang Partnership Framework (CCPF) Program. He also serves as the Chief Expert of WTO and Environment Expert Group of Ministry of Environmental Protection (MEP), China. He severed as a Senior Research Fellow and Senior Environmental Economist of Policy Research Center of MEP during 1997-2009 and also served as a member of Lead Expert Group China Council for International Cooperation on Environment and Development (CCICED) during 2001-2007. He is/was visiting professor of Beijing Normal University (BNU), and University of Oregon. He also provides environmental policy consulting services for UN agencies, World Bank, Asian Development Bank, Global Environmental Facility and other international and foreign aid organizations.
Dr. HU Tao is an affiliate Faculty Member of Business School of Oregon State University. Dr. HU Tao’s research topics cover environmental economics, policies and governance issue; globalization, trade and environment issue; and climate change mitigation issue. 

Mikael SKOU ANDERSEN, Professor, University of Aarhus, Denmark

Mikael Skou Andersen is Professor of Environmental Policy Analysis at Denmark’s National Environmental Research Institute (NERI), Aarhus University. His academic work focuses on comparative research on environmental and climate policies. He has published extensively, including Market-Based Instruments for Environmental Management (Edward Elgar, 2000 with R. Sprenger), and the monograph Governance by Green Taxes (Manchester University Press, 1994). He is currently a member of the International Task Force on Economic Instruments and Energy Efficiency under the China Council for International Cooperation on Environment and Development. Most recent book publication is: Carbon-energy taxation: lessons from Europe” (Oxford University Press, 2009; co-edited with Prof. Paul Ekins, University College London). 

Yongmin BIAN, Professor, School of Law, University of International Business and Economics

Prof. Yongmin Bian is a Professor in Public International Law and Environmental Law with the Law School of University of International Business and Economics, Beijing and a Legal Research Fellow with the Center of International Sustainable Development Law, Canada. She was once trained by the Institute of Social Studies of the Erusmas University in 1998 and was a Visiting Fellow of the Lauterpacht Research Center for International Law of the University of Cambridge in 2007. Her research interests focus on trade and environment, trade and labor, sustainable development issues in Free Trade Agreements. She serves in the Council of the China Academy of International Economic Law and the Council of Beijing Academy of International Law. 

Shailaja FENNELL, Lecturer in Development Studies, University of Cambridge, UK

Shailaja Fennell is a University Lecturer in Development Studies attached to the Department of Land Economy, University of Cambridge and a Fellow of Jesus College. She was awarded her degrees of BA, MA and MPhil in Economics from the University of Delhi, and then went on to read for her MPhil and PhD at the Faculty of Economics and Politics, University of Cambridge. Her earlier research work has examined the long term trends in cereal production in China and India.  She is currently an international leader of a project on public private partnerships in education within the DFID funded research consortium on educational outcomes and poverty (RECOUP) that is across four countries, Ghana, India, Kenya and Pakistan. Shailaja’s research interests include institutional and legal reform, agricultural transformation, provision of public goods, and the intersections between gender, kinship and ethnicity. She is working on a manuscript titled Grains, Growth, Governments and Globalisation: a political economy of agriculture.. Her recent publications include Rules, rubrics and riches: the relationship between legal reform, institutional change and international development (2009) Routledge, Gender Education and Development: conceptual frameworks, engagements and agendas (2007) Routledge (edited with M. Arnot), and 'The ethics of population control', in D. Clark, ed., Elgar Companion to Development Economics (2006).

Hongyan GUO, Research Fellow, Center for Human and Economic Development Studies, Peking University


Xianqiang MAO, Professor, School of Environment, Beijing Normal University


Dashu WANG, Professor, School of Economics, Peking University



► Session 2b: Mobility 

(Chaired by: Jiang Yulin)

This session has been organized in collaboration with the Institut pour la ville en mouvement (City on the Move)
With rapid urbanization and growing environmental concern, local actors have to integrate these constraints and adapt the spatial organization of the city while offering innovative mobility options. From public transport (buses, tramways, etc.) to bicycles and car sharing, there is a need to find alternatives to private car use, especially in rapidly urbanizing countries. Not only would it contribute to limit traffic congestion, and reduce air pollution, but it would help make cities more liveable and sustainable. 

Yulin JIANG, Director of the Urban Transportation Center, China Academy of Transportation Sciences

Dr. Yulin Jiang is a Professor of Civil Engineering and Environmental Science and Policy. She was appointed as Director of Center for Sustainable Transport in 2003 and Director of China Urban Sustainable Transport Research Center in 2005 under the grant support of Volvo Research and Educational Foundations. CUSTReC is staffed by over 30 faculty, research staff, and student researchers.
Dr. Jiang has led CUSTReC to international prominence by building strong partnerships with Chinese government agencies and international organizations, integrating interdisciplinary research and public outreach programs, and connecting research with education. 

Daniel CUKIERMAN, CEO, Veolia Transport, Asia


François MOISAN, executive Director of Strategy and Research and Scientific Director, ADEME

François MOISAN is executive Director of Strategy and Research and Scientific Director of ADEME, the French Agency on Environment and Energy Management. ADEME is in charge of implementing in France the “Grenelle de l’environnement” with several funds including the research demonstrators new fund (400 M€) for new energy technologies.
He joined the French Agency on Energy in 1982.
He was Chairman of IEA (International Energy Agency) energy efficiency working party (2002-2005) and Chairman of the European Council for an Energy Efficient Economy (ECEEE, sister of ACEEE).
He is Chairman of the Energy Efficiency Committee of World Energy Council. He was involved in Kyoto Protocol negotiation from 1997 to 2004. He is member of the International Partnership on Hydrogen Economy as French representative. François Moisan is Electrical Engineer and Doctor in Economic Science (Université de Grenoble)

Jean-François DOULET, Associate Professor, and Head of the China Programme, Institut pour la ville en mouvement


Jean-François Doulet, associate professor at the Paris Institute of Urban Planning, is the head of the Institut pour la ville en movement (City on the Move) China Programme (www.city-on-the-move.com). Member of Lab’Urba, he conducts international comparative research on innovation in transportation and mobility policies. China specialist, he has been watching urban change in China for more than 15 years. Jean-François Doulet recently launched a prize called “Better Mobility, Better Life” aiming at promoting innovative mobility solutions in Chinese cities.

Haixiao PAN, Professor, College or Architecture and Urban Planning, Tongji University



► Session 2c: Environment and human development

 (Chaired by: Adil Najam)

From the human development (HD) viewpoint, economic growth is merely a tool for achieving the underlying goal of human development—an expansion of human capabilities. How are environmental concerns to be addressed within this view? What accounting metrics could there be to include the environment from this viewpoint, and how would this compare with the Green GDP paradigm? Papers on issues of the meaning and demands of sustainable human development, and empirical studies of environmental and sustainability issues from an HD perspective are also welcome. 

Adil NAJAM, Frederick S. Pardee Professor of Global Public Policy; Director, Pardee Center

Dr. Adil Najam is the Frederick S. Pardee Professor of Global Public Policy and Director of the Pardee Center for the Study of the Longer-Range Future at Boston University. He is also a professor of International Relations and of Geography and Environment at Boston University and a Visiting Professor of Negotiation and Diplomacy at the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University.
Prof. Najam was a lead author for the third and fourth assessments of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), work for which the IPCC was awarded the 2007 Nobel Peace. In 2008 he was appointed by the UN Secretary-General to serve on the United Nations Committee for Development Policy (CDP). In 2009, the President of Pakistan conferred on him one of Pakistan’s highest civil honors,  the medal Sitara-i-Imtiaz (SI), for his distinguished services to education and environment.

Sabina ALKIRE, Director, Oxford Poverty & Human Development Initiative Oxford

Sabina Alkire directs the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI), a research centre within the Department of International Development, University of Oxford. In addition, she is a Research Associate at Harvard and Secretary of the Human Development & Capability Association (HDCA).
Her research interests include multidimensional poverty measurement and analysis, welfare economics, the capability approach, the measurement of freedoms and human development. Publications include ‘Valuing Freedoms: Sen’s Capability Approach and Poverty Reduction’, as well as articles in Philosophy and Economics. She holds a DPhil in Economics, an Msc in Economics for Development and an MPhil in Christian Political Ethics from Magdalen College, Oxford.

Ji XI, Research Fellow of Center for Human and Economic Development Studies


Julie NEWTON, Research Associate, Sustainable Communities, Cardiff University

Dr Julie Newton is a Research Associate at the Centre for Business Relationships, Accountability, Sustainability & Society (BRASS), Cardiff University, UK. She is currently the lead researcher on a programme of work exploring the role of skills and knowledge in progressing towards sustainable communities. This contributes towards broader research in BRASS on ‘Sustainability Lifestyles and Communities’ focused on the emergence of social enterprises in developing sustainable communities.
Prior to joining BRASS, she was a Research Officer at the Wellbeing in Developing Countries (WeD) research group (2004-2007), University of Bath dedicated to the study of poverty, inequality and quality of life in developing countries. The research focused on developing a conceptual and methodological framework for understanding the social and cultural construction of wellbeing in Bangladesh, Ethiopia, Peru and Thailand.  In 2006, she worked in the UK government’s Sustainable Development Unit within Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra). The placement explored stakeholder engagement in developing policy based on evidence from wellbeing research. It specifically focused on integrating a wellbeing approach into sustainable development policy. At Defra she provided wellbeing expertise more generally and specifically on the development of a common understanding of wellbeing and wellbeing indicators used within the UK. It also involved research exploring the links between the natural environment and wellbeing. She continues to be a member of the UK wellbeing indicators group.