FACTS Reports

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Development, humanitarian action, health, education, environment : these are themes that involve numerous actors world-wide — NGOs, governmental and multilateral organisations, academic institutions, companies, consultants. Their activities give rise to knowledge, know-how, experience and problem-solving methods that are not adequately disseminated and shared between actors in the field. It is this observation that prompted the Veolia Institute to launch the FACTS Reports review in 2008, with the aim of providing a platform for the exchange of knowledge and know-how validated through the process of Peer Review, as required by the scientific community.
 
  The 3 latest articles
 
The third age of artificial intelligence

Nicolas Miailhe, Cyrus Hodes

Facts-AI-03 La troisième ère de l'intelligence artificielle - Nicolas Miailhe, Cyrus Hodes.jpg

If the definitional boundaries of Artificial Intelligence (AI) remains contested, experts agree that we are witnessing a revolution. “Is this time different?” is the question that they worryingly argue over when they analyze the socio-economic impact of the AI revolution as compared with the other industrial revolutions of the 19th and 20th centuries. This Schumpeterian wave may prove to be a creative destruction raising incomes, enhancing quality of life for all and generating previously unimagined jobs to replace those that get automatized. Or it may turn out to be a destructive creation leading to mass unemployment abuses, or loss of control over decisionmaking processes. This depends on the velocity and magnitude of the development and diffusion of AI technologies, a point
over which experts diverge widely.

The third age of artificial intelligence
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Keywords: Artificial Narrow Intelligence, artificial general intelligence, robotics, political economy, big data
Thematic: AI revolutions

Solving artificial intelligence's privacy problem
 
 
Artifi cial Intelligence (AI) has potential to fundamentally change the way we work, live, and interact. There is however no general AI out there and the accuracy of current machine learning models largely depend on the data on which they have been trained on. For the coming decades, the development of AI will depend on access to ever larger and richer medical and behavioral datasets. We now have strong evidence that the tool we have used historically to find a balance between using the data in aggregate and protecting people’s privacy, de-identifi cation, does not scale to big data datasets.
 
Solving artificial intelligence's privacy problem
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The development and deployment of modern privacyenhancing technologies (PET), allowing data controllers to make data available in a safe and transparent way, will be key to unlocking the great potential of AI.

Keywords: Privacy, data anonymization, pseudonymization, de-identification, large data-sets, identity, k-anonymity, unicity
Thematic: AI and privacy
 
Uberization of the city
In this interview, Roland Ries, Mayor of Strasbourg shares his perspective about the challenges and opportunities triggered by the rise of large digital platforms and marketplaces which are powered by matching algorithms. He advocates for a measured approach whereby municipal decision-makers need to embrace change wisely to maximize the upsides and minimize the downsides of the rise of these new actors and services.

Keywords: uberization, sharing economy, digital revolution, sharing
Thematic: AI and uberization
Uberization of the city
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All our special issues

► 2017

 

COUV AI (EN)
ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND ROBOTICS IN THE CITY
couv Facts Smart cities (EN)
SMART CITIES AT THE CROSSROADS
blanc
       



► 2016

SI 15
DECENTRALIZED ELECTRIFICATION AND DEVELOPMENT
Facts couv english
ENVIRONMENTAL AND SOCIAL ACCEPTABILITY OF MAJOR INDUSTRIAL PROJECTS
blanc
               


► 2015

Migration et santé
                 MIGRATION AND HEALTH
blanc
  
Migration and Health
   

► 2014

FACTS Reports 2014
                      LAST MILE DELIVERY
NS 11
       STORIES OF INNOVATIVE DEMOCRACY  
                            AT LOCAL LEVEL
NS 10
HAÏTI : INNOVATIONS LOCALES, CLES POUR UN DEVELOPPEMENT DURABLE ET INCLUSIF


► 2013 

NS 8 (santé)
       ACCESS TO HEALTHCARE, HEALTHCARE                   FUNDING AND PERFORMANCE
NS 7
                             LIVELIHOODS
blanc
     


► 2012
 

NS 6
    RECONCILING POVERTY ERADICATION &
        PROTECTION OF THE ENVIRONMENT
NS 5
        WOMEN'S AND CHILDREN'S HEALTH
NS 4
FIGHTING POVERTY, BETWEEN MARKET                                     AND GIFT


► 2011

NS 3
                                   BRAZIL
blanc
   
blanc
    



► 2010

NS 2
                  MIGRATION AND HEALTH
NS 1
                      URBAN AGRICULTURE
blanc