The Foresight Committee has guided the Institute and steered its development since 2001. The international reputation of its members, and the specific knowledge each of them contributes in his or her own field – human sciences, economics, public health, climate sciences – are the cornerstone of the Institute’s strong scientific credibility.
How the committee works
At its meetings, the Foresight Committee interacts with experts on forward-looking topics. These fruitful discussions enable the Institute to define future research and conference themes, and to shed light on its existing work projects. They also provide an opportunity for the Committee members to validate ongoing projects with the team.
Harvey FinebergPresident of the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation
Harvey Fineberg is President of the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, and was formerly President of the Institute of Medicine from 2002 to 2014. He served as Provost of Harvard University from 1997 to 2000, following thirteen years as Dean of the Harvard School of Public Health. He has also served as the President of the Society for Medical Decision Making and as an Advisor to the World Health Organization.
As a specialist in health policy and in decision analysis, he has devoted much a large amount of research to the evaluation of medical technologies, vaccines, and the development of healthcare innovations. At the Institute of Medicine, he has directed research in numerous fields (AIDS, medical technologies, and risk in society).
His work has been recognized by many prestigious awards, including the Frank A. Calderone Prize in public health, the Henry G. Friesen International Prize in Health Research, the Steven Smith Medal for Lifetime Achievement in Public Health, and the Harvard Medal.
Pierre-Marc JohnsonInternational lawyer, former First Minister of Quebec,
After taking degrees in both law and medicine, Pierre Marc Johnson initially focused on a career in politics: from 1976 to 1987, he was a member of Quebec’s national assembly, occupying several ministerial posts before becoming Premier in 1985. Since leaving politics in 1987, he has made a notable contribution to questions of public policy on sustainable development.
As a consultant lawyer at the Lavery law firm in Montreal, and as a company director, he supervises negotiations and develops commercial partnerships of international scope. Since 2009 he has been the Quebec government’s chief negotiator both in the Comprehensive Economic Trade Agreement talks between Canada and the European Union, and in the softwood lumber dispute between Canada and the United States.
He has also taken part in numerous international negotiations on environmental and development issues, notably acting as General Rapporteur at the Bergen Conference (Norway, 1991), as Special Advisor to the Secretary General at the UN Conference on Environment and Development (Rio, 1992), as working group chairman and mediator on financial questions for the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) (1993-1997), and as the UN’s project director in Africa to implement the initial stages of the Convention.
He has also chaired the Ten-year Review and Assessment Committee for the North-American Agreement on Environmental Cooperation (2003) and, from 1990 to 1997, the Foreign Policy Committee of the National Round Table on the Environment and the Economy of Canada, has acted as expert advisor for various preparatory meetings of the G7, and subsequently G8, on sustainable development questions, and has been a member of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).
Philippe KourilskyHonorary Director General of the Pasteur Institute
Philippe Kourilsky spent most of his career at the Centre national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS) before being appointed Professor at the Collège de France in 1998, where he holds the chair in molecular immunology. He previously served as Director of Scientific Research at Pasteur-Merieux Connaught (1992-1995) and as Director General of the Pasteur Institute (2000-2005). He also headed the Immunology Network in Singapore from 2006 to 2013. In 2010, he founded the non-profit organization Resolis.
Philippe Kourilsky has published nearly 400 papers in international scientific reviews. He has contributed, via numerous articles and appearances, to the public debate about the issues raised by research in the life sciences. He has authored two government reports: one on the Principle of Precaution (1999), submitted to the French Prime Minister, the other on the issues surrounding infectious diseases in developing countries (2006). He has written several books for the general audience, including Les Artisans de l'Hérédité, La Science en Partage, Du bon usage du Principe de Précaution, Le temps de l’altruisme and Le manifeste de l’altruisme (Éditions Odile Jacob).
He is a member of the French Academy of Sciences, of Academia Europea, and of EMBO (European Molecular Biology Organization). He has received many awards: the Prix international d'Immunopathologie (1986), the Prix Lacassagne from the Collège de France (1990), and the International Prize for Research in Medical Science (2000). He has honorary doctorates from the University of La Sapienza, Rome (2001), the University of Quebec (2005) and the University of London (2013). Philipe Kourilsky is a Commander of France’s National Order of Merit and a Commander of the Legion d'Honneur.
Mamphela RampheleFormer Managing Director of the World Bank
Having been – by turns – a student militant, a doctor, a community development activist, a researcher, a university vice-chancellor and an international civil servant, Mamphela Ramphele is now an active citizen in both the public and private sectors.
After the Soweto uprising in 1976, she was detained without trial, freed after five months, and served with an apartheid banning order.
She studied medicine at the University of Natal. She holds a degree in tropical medicine, another in public health, and a doctorate in social anthropology, also picking up a B.Comm degree along the way. She was appointed Vice-Chancellor of the Cape Town University, before becoming one of the four managing directors of the World Bank, based in Washington DC.
Mamphela Ramphele has written several books and publications on socio-economic issues in South Africa, and has been awarded many national and international prizes. She has served as President of Gold Fields, Circle Capital Ventures (Pty) Limited and the Technological Innovation Agency (TIA), and as director of Medi-Clinic Limited and Remgro Limited.
She founded the Open Society Foundation for South Africa and the Citizens’ Movement of South Africa. In January 2013, she became head of the political party Agang SA, which won two seats in the May 2014 general election. After the election, she retired from party politics to return to her role as an active citizen.
Amartya SenEconomist, Nobel Prize 1998
Amartya Sen holds the Thomas W. Lamont chair at Harvard, where he teaches economics and philosophy. Until January 2004, he was Master of Trinity College, Cambridge. He was previously Professor of Economics at Jadavpur University Calcutta, the Delhi School of Economics, and the London School of Economics, and Drummond Professor of Political Economy at Oxford University.
Amartya Sen’s research encompasses disciplines such as economics and philosophy, more particularly social choice theory, welfare economics, and the fundamental mechanisms of poverty, leading to a Nobel Prize in Economics in 1998. He has also studied development economics, theory of measurement, and political philosophy.
He has served as President of the Econometric Society, the Indian Economic Association, the American Economic Association and the International Economic Association. He was formerly Honorary President of OXFAM and is now its Honorary Advisor.
Amartya Sen’s books have been translated into more than thirty languages, and include Choice of Techniques (1960), Growth Economics (1970), Collective Choice and Social Welfare (1970), Choice, Welfare and Measurement (1982), Commodities and Capabilities (1987), The Standard of Living (1987), Development as Freedom (1999), Identity and Violence: The Illusion of Destiny (2006), The Idea of Justice (2009), and (jointly with Jean Dreze) An Uncertain Glory: India and Its Contradictions (2013).
Amartya Sen has won many national and international awards, including: Bharat Ratna (India); Commandeur de la Legion d'Honneur (France); the National Humanities Medal (USA); Ordem do Merito Cientifico (Brazil); Honorary Companion of Honour (UK); Aztec Eagle (Mexico); Edinburgh Medal (UK); the George Marshall Award (USA); the Eisenhauer Medal (USA), and the Nobel Prize in Economics.
Nicholas SternLord, President of the British Academy, Fellow of the Royal Society
Lord Stern is IG Patel Professor of Economics and Government at London School of Economics, and Head of the India Observatory and Chairman of the Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment. He is President of the British Academy (from July 2013), and was elected Fellow of the Royal Society (June 2014). He has held previous posts at universities in the UK and abroad. He was Chief Economist at both the World Bank, 2000-2003, and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, 1994-1999. Lord Stern was Head of the UK Government Economic Service 2003-7, and produced the landmark Stern Review on the economics of climate change. He was knighted for services to economics in 2004 and made a cross-bench life peer as Baron Stern of Brentford in 2007. His most recent book is “Why are We Waiting? The Logic, Urgency and Promise of Tackling Climate Change”.